Full Text (PDF format)
The following table shows estimates of per acre costs of performing
+ & Lube
$ per acre
| Cutting, conditioning and raking hay
| Sickle Bar Mower||10.20||3.60||2.40||0.90||3.30|
| Rotary Mower||8.70||2.60||3.10||0.60||2.40|
| Pull-type Mower/Cond||13.00||3.60||4.60||1.50||3.30|
| Self-propelled Mower/Cond||13.60
| Rake (Side Delivery)||6.00||1.50||2.70||0.40||1.40|
| Rake (Wheeled)||3.40||1.10||0.90||0.30||1.10|
| Bailing hay
| Small Square Baler||16.60||4.90||5.20||2.00||4.50|
| 1,000 lb. Square Baler||14.00||3.20||7.80||1.30||1.70|
| Round Baler||16.40||4.50||5.80||1.90||4.20|
| Forage harvesting as silage
| Pull-type forage harvester
| First cut hay||12.80||5.30||3.30||2.10||2.10|
| Remaining cuts||8.70||3.60||2.30||1.40||1.40|
| Corn Silage||51.90||20.10||15.80||8.20||7.80|
| Self-propelled forage harvester
| First cut hay
| Remaining cuts
| Corn Silage
Total per acre costs are divided into:
- Tractor Overhead includes depreciation, interest, insurance,
housing, and repair charges on the tractor used to pull the implement.
- Implement Overhead includes depreciation, interest,
insurance, housing, and repair charges on the implement.
- Fuel charges are based on diesel fuel priced at $1.10
per gallon. Lubrication costs is calculated as 10 percent of fuel cost.
- Labor costs are based on a $13.50 per hour labor charge.
Labor time is 10 percent more than hours required to cover an acre.
Not included in estimated costs is an allowance for profit.
Charging custom rates at estimated costs should cover costs, but will not generate
a profit above these costs. Adding 5 to 15 percent to estimated costs may be appropriate
for determining custom rates.
Formulas developed by the American Society of Agricultural
Engineers (ASAE) are used in calculating costs. All costs are based on buying
a new machinery and holding the machinery for 10 years. More detail on how costs
are calculated are given in the pdf version of the publication (Machinery
Cost Estimates: Forage Field Operations, FBM 0202). This document also
shows costs on a per bale and per hour basis.