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Residual Soybean Herbicides Applied Postemergence

Aaron Hager
May 7, 2020
Recommended citation format: Hager, A.. "Residual Soybean Herbicides Applied Postemergence." Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, May 7, 2020. Permalink

Soil-residual herbicides are important components of integrated weed management programs.  Reducing the number of weeds exposed to foliar-applied herbicides helps reduce the selection intensity for weeds resistant to foliar-applied herbicides.  Residual herbicides applied with postemergence soybean herbicides also can reduce the need for a second postemergence application.  However, simply applying a soil-residual herbicide does not guarantee the product will provide the desired level or duration of weed control.  Many edaphic and environmental factors influence the level of weed control achieved by soil-residual herbicides.

Soil-residual herbicides applied with postemergence herbicides require precipitation to move them into the soil solution where they are available for uptake. Herbicide effectiveness is reduced when a soil-residual herbicide is sprayed on a dry soil surface with no precipitation for several days following application. Residual herbicides generally require 0.5 to 1.0 inch of precipitation within 7 to10 days after application for optimal incorporation. Soil condition, soil moisture content, residue cover, and the chemical properties of the herbicide influence how much and how soon after application precipitation is needed for optimal activity.

Also, keep in mind the labels of soil-residual products that can be applied postemergence include a maximum soybean growth stage or time interval prior to harvest beyond which an application cannot be made.  A sample of these growth stages and preharvest intervals is presented in Table 1.  Many of the products included in Table 1 can be tankmixed with dicamba- or 2,4-D- containing products labeled for use in dicamba-  or 2,4-D-resistant soybean varieties, but be sure to check the respective tankmix web pages prior to making the application.


Table 1.  Maximum soybean growth stage for foliar application of soil-residual herbicides.

Herbicide Maximum soybean growth stage for broadcast application
Anthem Maxx Through the sixth trifoliate leaf stage
Dual Magnum/EverpreX Do not apply within 90 days of harvest
Dual II Magnum Through the third trifoliate leaf stage
FirstRate Prior to R2 or within 70 days of harvest
Mocassin Do not apply within 90 days of harvest
Mocassin II Through the third trifoliate leaf stage
Outlook Fifth trifoliate
Pummel Fifth trifoliate
Prefix Do not apply within 90 days of harvest
Sequencea Do not apply within 90 days of harvest
Taviumb Through V4 or within 45 days of planting
Warrant/Warrant Ultra Before soybean reach growth stage R2
Zidua WG/SC Sixth trifoliate stage

aApply only to glyphosate-resistant soybean varieties

bApply only to dicamba-resistant soybean.  Do not apply to double-crop soybean.


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