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Spread of Corn Stunt Disease Lowers Production Expectations in Argentina

Argentina is a key player in the global corn market, ranking 5th in production and 3rd in exports. Approximately 20% of the corn traded globally is produced in Argentina, accounting for nearly 5% of global corn production. After a very poor 2023 harvest under a third consecutive La Niña, initial projections suggested a record corn harvest in Argentina for the 2023/2024 crop. However, the latest estimates show a sharp decline in expected production due to the presence of corn stunt disease.

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Ag Market Insights

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Sizing Up Potential Downside Risk for New-Crop Corn and Soybean Prices

The latest USDA forecast calls for modest growth in domestic corn and soybean demand. One downside risk for price levels is that long-run optimism regarding US biofuels does not materialize in the short run. This could lead to excess processing capacity and oversupply of biofuels feedstocks such as corn and soybeans. A similar scenario occurred during the last biofuels boom between 2005 and 2010

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Can ‘Lost’ Crop Acres Be Found?

The highly anticipated Prospective Plantings report, released Thursday, March 28 by USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, showed lower than anticipated crop acres. Acreage of all crops is estimated to be…

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Post-Harvest Grain Marketing: Comparing Observed Prices and Marketing Outcomes

Post-harvest grain marketing is a big deal for Illinois grain farms. As part of a series of articles on the post-harvest marketing challenge, this article provides evidence that realized returns to post-harvest corn and soybean sales vary substantially across marketing years but are correlated with seasonal cash price appreciation. This implies farms may not be fully realizing the benefits of forward contract both before and after harvest.

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Post-harvest Grain Marketing: Do Farmers Reap the Benefits?

Post-harvest grain marketing is a big deal for Illinois grain farms. As part of a series of articles on the post-harvest marketing challenge, I show realized returns to post-harvest grain marketing for Illinois grain farms are positive and roughly equal to seasonal appreciation in cash prices. However, these returns are subject to considerable risk. Many farms earn negative returns from post-harvest marketing relative to their own near-to-harvest sales.

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Post-harvest Grain Marketing: Store and Ignore Versus Market Responsive Farms

In this farmdoc daily article, we describe differences in post-harvest marketing across farms, finding that there is a large group of Illinois grain farms that have book inventories equal or greater than calendar year production on Dec. 31, shortly following harvest. These farms tend to be the same ones year after year. Book inventories are negatively related to marketing activity, suggesting farms with large inventories as a share to production retain substantial price risk after harvest.

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Post-Harvest Grain Marketing: How Important Is It?

Post-harvest grain marketing is a big deal for Illinois grain farms. In the first of a series of articles on post-harvest marketing challenge, I show that in aggregate, around 60% of Illinois corn and soybean production remains unsold after harvest. The analysis emphasizes the importance of understanding the risk-reward tradeoff in choosing whether to sell or store grain after harvest and how these tradeoffs may differ across farms.

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Biofuels

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FAME Biodiesel, Renewable Diesel, and Biomass-Based Diesel Feedstock Trends over 2011-2023

There has been a huge increase in feedstock usage because of the renewable diesel boom. Total feedstock usage for renewable diesel grew over nine billion pounds in 2023 alone. Yellow grease feedstock increased the most, from under 100 million pounds in 2015 to over 6 billion pounds in 2023. In terms of total biomass-based diesel feedstock, soybean oil is the largest by volume, which is not surprising given the dominant position of soybean oil in the production of FAME biodiesel.

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Biodiesel Prices and Profits…Again

New profit estimates indicate that FAME biodiesel production profits have been on a severe roller coaster during the renewable diesel boom years of 2021-2024, averaging an astounding loss of -$0.59 per gallon during the early part of the boom, recovering to a historically high average level of +$0.41 per gallon in the middle, and back to losses that averaged -$0.19 per gallon since mid-2023. If the losses in 2024 to date continue, more biodiesel plant shutdowns may be in the offing.

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International Benchmarks for Soybean Production

Our examination of soybean yield, gross revenue, and cost for farms in the agri benchmark network from Argentina, Brazil, Russia, the Ukraine, and the United States found that yield, gross revenue, and cost were substantially higher for the U.S. farms. In general, the 2018 to 2022 period was a profitable period for soybean production with each of the typical farms, except for the typical farm in Canada, exhibiting a positive economic profit.

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Is Sustainable Aviation Fuel the Future of Ethanol?

U.S. ethanol consumption has been stagnant for almost a decade. Limitations on the blending of ethanol with gasoline and EPA discretionary waivers have prevented any large-scale demand growth for corn-starch…

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CO2 Production by the U.S. Ethanol Industry and the Potential Value of Sequestration

We estimate total CO2 production of U.S. ethanol plants over 2015 through 2023 and find that it varies from a low of 42.4 million tons to a high of 48.9 million tons. Given the large CO2 production of ethanol plants, it is not surprising that the maximum possible benefit from tax credits for sequestration in the IRA is also large. We estimate the maximum potential revenue to be $3.75 billion per year, which would more than likely double the after-tax income of the U.S. ethanol industry.

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Another Strong Year for Ethanol Production Profits in 2023

The U.S. ethanol industry entered 2023 on an uncertain note, with weekly profits teetering around the breakeven level.  Like all other facets of the commodity business, the ethanol industry was…

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Marketing & Outlook Data

Illinois Regional Basis Data

Illinois Regional Basis Data – Soybeans

Historical soybean basis for seven regions in Illinois.  Basis and cash prices are reported weekly from 1975. File is in Microsoft Excel format.
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Illinois Regional Basis Data – Corn

Historical corn basis for seven regions in Illinois.  Basis and cash prices are reported weekly from 1975. File is in Microsoft Excel format.
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Selected Market Data

Selected Market Data – Corn

Current and historical values of factors important for developing supply, demand, and price expectations for corn. File is Microsoft Excel format.
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Selected Market Data – Soybeans

Current and historical values of factors important for developing supply, demand, and price expectations for corn and soybeans. File is Microsoft Excel format.
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Price Data

US Average Farm Price Received Database

Average farm price received data, for multiple commodities, in the US for the period 1960 to present. File is Microsoft Excel format.
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lllinois Average Farm Price Received Database

Average farm price received data, for multiple commodities, in the state of Illinois for the period 1960 to present. File is Microsoft Excel format.
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Agricultural Supply and Demand Database

Values for a number of important supply, demand, and price variables for crops and livestock since 1975. File is Microsoft Excel format.
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Marketing & Outlook Reports

The Marketing and Outlook Research Reports (MORR) were published between 2008 and 2014. The reports are archived for interested researchers and public use.

The Marketing and Outlook Briefs (MOBR) were published between 2007 and 2011. The articles are archived for interested researchers and public use.

The AgMAS Reports  were published between 1997 and 2012. The reports are archived for interested researchers and public use.

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Weekly Outlook

Marketing & Outlook archives include Weekly Outlook articles published from 1999-2010. The current Weekly Outlook series is published on farmdoc daily.

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