February 19, 2004
INSURANCE PREMIUM HIGHER IN 2004
Premiums for most crop insurance
products will be higher in 2004 compared to 2003. Some premiums
will increase by over 50%.
We prepared tables comparing 2003 insurance premiums to 2004 insurance
premiums. Insurance premiums were calculated for all counties in
Illinois using a "typical" farm in each county. Averages
across all Illinois counties are reported in the following tables.
Some counties differ substantially from these averages. Hence, results
presented in tables only represent generalizations. Individual county
premiums can be obtained using the 2004 IFARM Premiums Calculator
available on farmdoc (www.farmdoc.uiuc.edu).
Premiums for revenue products (CRC, RA, and GRIP) require base
price and volatility estimates. Base prices will not be known until
the beginning of March. Estimates are used to calculate 2004 premium.
Hence, premiums for revenue products shown in this article are estimates.
Actual Production History
(APH). Table 1 shows 2003 and 2004 premiums for APH insurance.
Corn product premiums in 2004 have a -4.0 percent decrease to a
10.6% increase over 2003 premium. In soybeans, changes from a 3.1%
increase to a 14.1% increase. Changes are due to 1) adjustments
in the rates used in calculating premium and 2) higher indemnity
Revenue Assurance with the
Base Price Option (RA-BP). Table 2 shows RA-BP premium. Premiums
in 2004 for corn range from a 4.9 increase up to a 61.9% increase
compared to 2003 premiums. For soybeans, increases range from 11.1%
up to 57%. Larger increases are associated with higher coverage
levels. Estimated 2004 premiums are higher because 1) rates used
to calculate premium were adjusted up and 2) base prices in 2004
will be higher than base prices in 2004. Price volatility estimates
also enter into premium calculations. The 2004 volatilities are
not known. Premiums in 2004 are based on 2003 volatilities. It is
possible that 2004 volatilities will differ from 2003 volatilities.
Revenue Assurance with the
Harvest Price Option (RA-HP). Table 3 shows RA-HP premium. For
corn, increases range from 6.8% up to 47.1%. For soybeans, increases
range from 19.6% up to 67.3%. Higher increases are associated higher
coverage levels. Estimated premiums for RA-HP are influenced by
the same factors as RA-BP.
Crop Revenue Coverage (CRC).
Table 4 shows CRC premiums. For corn, 2004 premiums are higher than
the 2003 premiums for coverage levels above 70%. Changes range from
a -.1% decrease up to a 20.5% increase. For soybeans, 2004 premium
above the 50% coverage level are higher than 2003 premiums. Increases
exceed 50% at the 85% coverage level.
In many cases CRC will have lower increases than RA-HP. In 2002
and 2003, many farmers shifted from CRC to RA-HP. CRC and RA-HP
are very similar products and in recent years RA-HP has had lower
premium than CRC. In 2004, CRC may have lower premium than RA-HP
due to smaller increases in premiums. Hence, farmers should again
compare premiums between the products.
Group Risk Plan (GRP).
Table 5 show GRP premiums. Corn premiums at 85 and 90% coverage
levels increase by 25.2 and 37.4%, respectively. Soybean premiums
decrease in 2004 by about 5% over all coverage levels.
Group Risk Income Plan without
the Harvest Revenue Option (GRIP-NoHR). Estimated GRIP-NoHR
premiums for 2004 are projected down for corn. GRIP-NoHR premiums
in 2004 are projected to increase for soybeans.
Most insurance products will have higher insurance premium in 2004
compared to 2003. There are several strategies for dealing with
1. Farmers purchasing RA-HP or CRC should compare the premiums
of the two products. These two products are similar and a purchase
of the product with the lowest premium seems warranted.
2. Some farmers may consider lowering the coverage level. In 2004,
base prices on revenue products will be higher than in 2003. Hence,
a lower coverage level in 2004 may purchase a similar dollar revenue
guarantee compared to a higher coverage level in 2003.
Issued by: Gary
Schnitkey, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics,
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.