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Cereal Leaf Beetles and Aphids Present in Southern Illinois Wheat Fields – Overall Activity Low

  • May 20, 2013

Kevin Black, Insect and Plant Disease Technical Manager, Growmark, Inc., recently reported that cereal leaf beetles can be found in low numbers in some wheat fields across southern Illinois. In addition, densities of aphids in these fields were low according to Kevin. He attributed these low pest numbers to the presence of natural enemies hard at work (Figures 1 and 2). Cereal leaf beetles complete one generation per year. The adult is a colorful beetle (3/16 inch long) and has metallic bluish-black wings (elytra) and reddish-orange legs and thorax (Figure 3).…

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Western Corn Rootworm Hatch Expected to Begin over Memorial Day Holiday Weekend for Central Illinois

  • May 20, 2013

Each spring as we approach mid-to-late May, questions begin to surface regarding the timing of the annual corn rootworm larval hatch. In general, this yearly event and the Memorial Day Holiday weekend coincide reasonably well for the latitude that cuts across much of central Illinois. As many of us recall, last year shattered this pattern and western corn rootworm adults and severe root damage were observed during the first week of June in western Illinois. Because hatching of larvae is a heat-driven biological event,…

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Agricultural Pesticide Use Trends and National Interactive Maps Available, 1992 to 2009

  • May 20, 2013

Just recently, the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, United States Geological Survey, released information on the use of agricultural pesticides (459 pesticides) for the period of 1992 to 2009. Provided below are links that can be used to access maps that show pesticide use, methodologies to determine their use, and county level information.
Annual Agricultural Pesticide Use Maps, 1992 to 2009
http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/pnsp/usage/maps/
Methods Used to Estimate Agricultural Pesticide Usage
http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sir20135009
Agricultural Pesticide Use by County
http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ds752
Data for the primary corn rootworm insecticides (tefluthrin –…

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Update on Black Cutworm Projected Cutting Dates for Illinois

  • May 17, 2013

Black cutworm moths continue their northward migration into Illinois and other areas of the Corn Belt. Kelly Estes, Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey Coordinator for the state, shared with me projected cutting dates for the following counties: Fayette – May 27, Pike – May 22, Edgar – May 28, Piatt – May 21, Logan – May 22, Menard – May 22, and Warren – June 6. As corn begins to emerge, producers are encouraged to look for early signs of leaf feeding.…

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Don’t Neglect to Scout for Alfalfa Weevils in the Rush to Plant Corn

  • May 17, 2013

On May 15, I scouted a stand of alfalfa in Champaign County and found numerous third and fourth instar alfalfa weevil larvae by using a sweep net.  By May 16, 461 degree days (base 48ºF) had accumulated since January 1, 2013 for Champaign. The average degree-day accumulation by this date for the preceding 11-year period is 510. So, we are just slightly behind this long-term average. Although larvae were numerous, I did not detect significant defoliation.…

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Control Emerged Waterhemp Prior to Planting

  • May 16, 2013

Earlier this month, we discussed advantages of and techniques for controlling emerged weed vegetation prior to planting.  Several winter annual weed species have reached maturity while others, such as cressleaf groundsel (Figure 1),
began to flower within the past 10 days across areas of central Illinois.  Control of these mature plants with herbicides or single passes of tillage equipment will continue to be challenging.
Preplant control is also needed for emerged summer annual grass and broadleaf weed species. …

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2013 Field Day Events in Illinois

  • May 14, 2013

It’s been a difficult planting season in Illinois, but crops will eventually be growing this year, and we’ll find both expected and unexpected challenges as we move into the cropping season. Fields days organized by Crop Sciences at the University of Illinois and other institutions will focus on crops and pests, with speakers talking about current crop issues along with information from previous research. Each event will offer CEUs for CCAs.
Following is the schedule of crop-related 2013 field days organized by University of Illinois Crop Sciences and by several other institutions.…

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Soil-Residual Herbicides Applied to Emerged Corn

  • May 14, 2013

A potential scenario of planting delays will be corn planted in fields where no soil-residual herbicide was applied.  If the corn has not yet emerged, the soil-residual herbicide can be applied as originally planned.  But, what if the corn has emerged and the soil-residual herbicide has not been applied?  Can the application proceed as planned, or will a different product need to be selected?  The answer depends on the respective herbicide.
Most, but not all, soil residual herbicides can be applied after corn has emerged. …

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Stripe rust of wheat observed in Illinois

  • May 10, 2013

Stripe rust of wheat was observed in Champaign County, IL on May 10, 2013 (Fig. 1). The incidence of the disease was very low. The observation of this disease in Champaign County indicates that stripe rust likely is present in southern Illinois counties too.

 

Wheat producers will need to continue to scout their crop for stripe rust, and apply an effective fungicide if necessary (see this previous post for additional information about stripe rust and fungicides: http://bulletin.ipm.illinois.edu/?p=456).…

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Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs Breaking Winter Dormancy

  • May 10, 2013

On May 9, Robert Bellm, University of Illinois Extension Commercial Agriculture Educator, Brownstown Research and Education Center, found a brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) in Madison County, Illinois (Figures 1 and 2). As we move further into spring, more reports of these sightings will begin to surface across the state. BMSB adults are now beginning to break their winter dormancy and move outside of their shelters (sheds, barns, homes, or other protected sites).
 
This stink bug species was first confirmed in Illinois during 2010 in Cook County.…

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